is a translated excerpt of a book by a Norwegian psychiatrist and
psychoanalyst, Arne Duve. I have taken the liberty of translating and
publishing. It was written and published in the 1950's and IMHO that
ought to be far enough in the past to make copyright issues rather
irrelevant. I am quite certain no harm is being done and that nobody's
legal toes have been stepped on. I have a full version that I may send
if there are anyone interested in reading the whole book
(The Book of Job is discussed at page 167, green text)
system of symbols is language, which is a recent creation in the
evolution of man. Language is a collection of sound-symbols. Utterance of the
symbols b-o-o-k as a sequence means “a book”. The aural symbol is associated
with the visual concept. Conversely, viewing of the written symbol activates
association with the sound symbol. The languages of speech and writing are
essential functions for the logical sector of the human mind.
In a different
position stands the much older language, the language of pictures that in the
deeper and subconscious layers have to use – such as it appears in dreams, in
art, in religion, myths and fantasies. This means of expression can no longer
be understood by the human conscious. But still, structures in our inner
understands its meaning. It has been shown that a person under hypnosis may
understand his dreams, while when awake, they dismiss them as nonsense.*)
In earlier ages,
the understanding of this pictorial language was quite different from the
present. Especially in the cultures of the Orient, it has always been part of a
proper upbringing to be proficient in this mode of language, which in our part
of the world, due to ignorance is been considered nonsense. The Talmud says: A
dream not understood, is like a letter one does not open. In the book ob
Job it says that dreams are the speech of God. Major figures within Christendom
like Joseph and Jesus were masters of this pictorial language. And the prophets
used it as their mother-tongue. Freud’s greatest and lasting achievement is
maybe that he opens the door for modern man to this secret world.
*) Erich Fromm: The Forgotten Language.
This language of
symbols is the only universal means of communication that man as a species is
equipped with. It is based on particular conditions with respect to the way the
human mind functions. A peculiarity of the psychic dynamics is that this
pictorial language cannot express abstract terms. The development of such terms
are quite recent, they are functions of the conscious life’s connection to the
intellectual thought process, and more recent layers of the central nervous
system. Abstract terms in principle signify a property, a condition or an act.
A popular definition is that an abstract cannot be photographed, an explanation
that hits the nail right on the head. Whenever the deeper layers of the human
psyche, - “the deep” – is faced with the task of articulating its contents of
abstract nature, it actually is unable to – since it has only concrete images,
pictures at its disposal.
In such cases it has to use associations – symbols –
which then employs the concrete picture to express the contents that is hidden
within it. Symbols are the objects that the deep has to employ in order to
express itself. They are the language of the deep. We say that the real content
of the symbol lies hidden in the manifest image. Without knowledge of this
mechanism one always are at risk of taking the symbol literally.
better than words illustrate this. Dreams are the prototype of this symbolic
language, and by the dream we may access the process of symbol creation.
A man dreamt
about a fight between a dog and a silver fox – on the surface, a meaningless
dream. And rightly, it is without meaning when we look at the literal contents
– the symbols without translation.
A dream most
often refers to the events of the day before. When we learn that the dreamer
that day had been preparing his income declaration the meaning begins to
transpire – namely the opposing tendencies that had made themselves manifest in
the dreamer. The dog, representing faithfulness, honesty and subjugation, had
been fighting the silver fox that, besides representing the economical
situation, also symbolise “white” cleverness. The important difference between
image and contents
dreams in this manner, the individuals released conflict energies will be
centred with respect to the dreamer and the dream – so that they only in a
small degree are being transmitted to other persons. Thereby, unnecessary and
difficult processes of transference may be eliminated, - because a large part
of the conflict matter is being deflected in and by the dream.
When a dream has
been correctly interpreted, the individual “feels” this, probably because there
are inner entities that “knows” the connection, this seems to have been
confirmed by experiments with hypnosis.*)
remembered of a night’s dreams after awakening is as a rule subject matter that
have matured to a point where it may be addressed by treatment and
incorporation into the personality. Or, it may be matter that an inner entity
now demands be addressed for revision and treatment.
Dreams thus are
a necessity of life, something that the results of modern dream research have
confirmed. If the dream process is prevented by artificial means, this may
relatively soon result in more or less serious psychic disorders, probably
because a vitalization has not been possible – resulting in the I-force not
being supplied with enough energy to uphold a required potential.
But dreams also
have the important purpose of presenting the conflict matter that needs
sanitization and transformation into available psychic energy and vitality.
expresses these truths in the book of Job with the dream representing God as
talking to man – who must understand the language and act in accord with that.
Happiness and renewal of psychic and physical life results.
The fact is
unavoidable, that Christian lore to a large extent
is pictorial in nature, and it’s mode of expression is
characterized by the laws reigning in the human mind. To visualize spiritual
realities and to express longing, desires and hope – the deep of the soul needs
here, as always to utilize concrete pictures from outer reality. No other
Since mankind by
and large is similar all over the world, it follows that many symbols are
universal in nature. We find realities like: life and death, birth, growth and
other body functions. IT is fire and water, air and earth, animals and plants,
celestial bodies and forces of nature, freedom and oppression, joy and sorrow,
guilt and atonement, salvation and loss and so on. Therefore we also find these
symbols used as central symbols in all religions. The elements in which the
forces make themselves manifest, are symbols of inner sources of power; they
are full of mana, the Melanesian word that has been adopted into
international language. It can be likened with a high voltage conduit that one
must handle with care and skill. Common people therefore need to protect
themselves – with prescriptions of taboo. Whether a man has mana can be seen
from how he conducts his life – if he lucky in his endeavours, if he has power
and authority. In particular, tribal chiefs are endowed with mana. If he looses
it, something that appears as accidents or such, it means that the power must
have left him, something that often had direct consequences for his social
For the human
mind, there are many things that may be interpreted as support for belief in
spirits and a life after death. Firstly, one experiences through dreams that
even if the body is sleeping, one still may be active in other locations, as if
distance are nonexistent. Also, in dreams one can meet people long dead – a
fact that to a large degree has strengthened the belief in spirits and a life
hereafter. Besides, the will and thoughts of other people live in you as
invisible spirits. The norms of the society is caused by the process of
upbringing to be adopted into the child’s mind and will later appear as man’s
superego. The words spirit and spirits is related to the term respire or
respiration. Respiration is in most religions associated with creation and
life. God inspire his spirit into matter, making it alive.
Unless we know the function of dreams and their mode of
expression, religion cannot be the means of salvation that reaches into the
centre of man and gives him stamina and power in his everyday life – and create
dignified human relations on the social level.
In the bible, however, the function and meaning of dreams
are quite clearly described – and with the proper interpretation as a
prerequisite for growth, happiness and a prosperous relation to God.
The book of Job therefore may become an important bridge
between religion and science – and between Judaism and Christendom – and
further on to other religions – because it points directly at the central
aspect of human life – the relation to God – dreams – and the common human
aspect of religion.
The story of Job is just
He was a rich and wealthy man
– who was tried – just as we all are sooner or later in our lives.
Satan was given permission by
god to test him.
Job lost his rich herds, his
10 children, and personally, he got severe physical challenges in the form of
Then Job began cursing his
life, his God and the entire being. Three friends came to comfort him and to
find out what wrong he had done. The only thing they had to offer was hard and
condemning words and they therefore were of absolutely no help to him.
Then came the fourth – Elihu
– a young man, who by theologians seems to be considered as a false teacher.
He puts his finger on the
essential point: Job has not recognized his dreams – and therefore is utterly
ignorant about what God wants of him.
I quote from chapter 33 –
For God speaks in one way, and in two, though man does not perceive it.
In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls upon men,
while they slumber on their beds,
then he opens the ears of men, and terrifies them with warnings,
that he may turn man aside from his deed, and cut off pride from man;
he keeps back his soul from the Pit, his life from perishing by the
"Man is also chastened with pain upon his bed, and with continual
strife in his bones;
so that his life loathes bread, and his appetite dainty food.
His flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen; and his bones that
were not seen stick out.
His soul draws near the Pit, and his life to those who bring death.
If there be for him an angel, a mediator, one of the thousand, to
declare to man what is right for him;
and he is gracious to him, and says, `Deliver him from going down into
the Pit, I have found a ransom; (Italicized here.)
let his flesh become fresh with youth; let him return to the days of his
then man prays to God, and he accepts him, he comes into his presence
with joy. He recounts to men his salvation,
and he sings before men, and says: `I sinned and perverted what was
right, and it was not requited to me.
He has redeemed my soul from going down into the Pit, and my life shall
see the light.'
"Behold, God does all these things, twice, three times, with a man,
to bring back his soul from the Pit, that he may see the light of life.
Give heed, O Job, listen to me; be silent, and I will speak.
If you have anything to say, answer me; speak, for I desire to justify
If not, listen to me; be silent, and I will teach you wisdom."
Thus spoke young Elihu.
When Job understands and accepts this connection – when he admits to his
guilt and god’s wisdom and greatness – he is on the road to salvation.
But the wonder does not take place until he intercedes for his three
condemning friends – that god wanted to punish, because they had only hard and
condemning words for the one who was in need of help and clarification of the
causality and pointing out of the central importance of the contents of dreams
Job becomes twice as rich as before, he gets 10 new children – his new
happiness surpasses all that went before his tribulation.
And finally, it says that Jobs’ daughters were the fairest in the land –
and their father gave them the right to inherit besides their brothers.
This last passage is very revealing when we consider the extreme
patriarchic society in which this account of wisdom was created.
For daughter inherited nothing at all.
Some comments are in order for this mythical account – which otherwise
speaks for itself.
We see God and Satan operating together, something not in the least
strange when we consider the connection that exist between these opposite poles
of human life expressions – the right and the wrong side of the one and same
The three condemning moralists were powerless with their harsh words.
They even aroused Gods’ wrath by their attitude because they had not understood
anything of the nature of God, and therefore neither understood anything of the
process of human redemption.
Most interesting is how the young, authoritative Elihu shows dreams as
the vehicle for expressing Gods’ will – and that it is necessary that this
language is interpreted – and interpreted correctly. This has a wider address –
namely to religion as the extension of dreams – and to those who have taken it
upon themselves to interpret the religious images and symbols. Redemption and
renewal of life comes only with the proper interpretation. That also is the
sequence of the process that is the driving dynamics of a living religion.
The Bible – the symbols – must be given the right interpretation – in
order to give life, this is what the book of Job tells us.
But the end result comes first when Job intercede for those that God
wants to punish.
Not until one does something actively – and have a forgiving state of
mind – comes salvation and happiness – also on the worldly level. The story of
Job therefore has much to say to us, and above all, it teaches us the
importance of an un-condemning attitude – and that what we understand, must
find outlet in action.
The book of job also tells us something important about the lack of
a patriarchal society creates. Male arrogance has to go – says Elihu.
Last, but not least, the book of Job points to the central fact that we have to
understand Gods’ language of images – dreams – and what they may give us. Only
then we become human – happy humans – freed from the curses and
intellectualized technocracy of the male society.
And religion will become the speech of God and life itself – that can be
understood by everyone – because it is the same universal language that is
alive in all mankind and may be understood by everybody on this earth – given
they will listen and learn.
The full effect of dreams may only be realized when it is fully
understood. When this happens, a process of development may begin – a condition
that is the driving force itself in a depth-psychological therapeutic context
with dreams as primus motor.
A correct interpretation clears room for subconscious and unsolved
conflict matter. This process to an extent guides itself with respect to speed
and mobilization of conflict matters – ant it stops when the proper
interpretation is not reached. Dreams shows in images and the inner trail of
development – the obstacles in the way – the possibilities at hand – and which
way one has to go.
If we have a series of nightly dreams- this sequence may often clearly
Dreams in such a process of restructuring have as somewhat different
character than regular dreams that often are like snapshots in relation to
particular outer events. During the course of a therapeutic process of
development, it is quite remarkable how we may see images – themes – and
attitudes change character – such that like in a book of pictures may follow
this course of development far better than possible with other modes of
expression. The proper interpretation is built, among other things, on
associations to the various chains of meaning and singular elements. A symbol
may never be taken for given – and of a single meaning – for it may have a
quite different meaning – depending on the individual history and context
present. A rigid system of symbols with fixed translations will not do.
Each individual speaks his own dialect of dreams, and when one gets on
the inside of this, a dream may be read almost like an open book. Whether the
interpretation of a dream is correct or not is determined by the dreamer
himself, who senses if the interpretation is correct, or not.
In dreams, conflict matters are abreacted with associated affects.
Thereby one does not have to enact the conflict in everyday life – in the
relation to the therapeut – and in relations to other people.
Dreams see to it that the right and important problems are kept in focus
– and stays alive in the process.
In the continuing process, as private conflict matters are shelled off
in a more personal formed register of symbols – we come down to the simple,
universal central human symbols that are the building blocks of religions and a
concentrate of the fundamental forces of life and existence, centered like a
pattern around the inner source of power that we conceive as the determining,
ordering and cosmic principle of existence – that we also call God.
Religion, as an extension of dreams, share all the moments of dreams.
Religion is, at the literal level, to be likened to a dream that is not
interpreted or wrongly interpreted – preventing anything of importance from
taking place on the inner arena.
The result is quite different if religion is used as a vehicle for the
development of an individual’s consciousness. This requires a correct
interpretation of the symbols such that a gradual understanding of what they
mean with respect to inner realities may ensue.
Discontinuation of an individual’s conflict matters - the development of
consciousness – and activation of human qualities, feelings and creative powers
leads to a unification with the inner power source – instead of continuously
driving with the brakes on – such as happens when the energy must express itself
in deflections and negative expressions. If religion is to be used in this
manner – it requires theologians that know their trade – and knows what they
are talking about – and know what to talk about.
Nothing human must be alien to them – they must
know themselves and the human structure fully – in all its diversity.
What must be alien to them are the condemning, hard words – re the story of
The way religion is preached today, it automatically attracts a
particular type of people that to a large extent are of just that
disposition and little motivation for breaking with the traditional pattern of
letters whose slaves they are – and want to be.
When a new perspective enters into religion, it just as automatically
will attract another type of people as guides and mediators of the eternal
church does not require de-mythologizing or historical evidence for its Savior.
What it needs is awareness of the
importance of the mythical language of images it – and dreams – employs – so
that it may be translated into living language and living people – who may
establish the state of consciousness and the mode of co-existence that alone
may carry mankind safely through the mess into which it has gotten itself
in the night – and dreams in religion – we cannot live without – if there is to
be any hope that we shall be able to navigate out of the shipwreck that
otherwise may be our fate.
now is like some magic potion consisting of literalisms, symbols, manners of
speech, wishful thinking and faith. Religion is however, in its deeper and true
aspect no such easy formula. Its truths must be allowed to grow and mature from
within. Only thereby they become truths and inner experiences of
realization – with corresponding changes also on the outer level.
ahead may offer many obstacles – but it is by no means impossible to go it.
It is not only suffering that is the
incentive and driving force; man has an urge for realization lying
non-extinguishable within him self. This urge will by and by grow stronger than
the fear of changing the established order of life that today is being attacked
from so many sides. What it is all about is to trust in oneself – to
plan of life – and goals.
redemption proceeds along religious or psychological guidelines plays no
decisive role – the two roads may indeed meet.
go the way oneself – no proxy will suffice. But one may to some extent read the
roadmap in one’s inner – by the light of the lamp of Diogenes that search for Man.
usual, the first step is the hardest to take. If one has got going on the right
track, the one step automatically will be followed by the next.
first step is: End of self-condemnation! As a rule, no one is aware of
the mechanisms that automatically project all guilt onto the outer world.
Nonetheless, the condemning of others is caused by condemnation of
corresponding tendencies in oneself. One must understand the fact that one’s
own patterns of behavior – because of earlier experiences that have created it
– must be the way that they at present are. To begin with, one therefore has to
accept oneself with all one’s “faults” and patterns of reaction. Then, one also
becomes without judgment of others – because they also have their
behavioral patterns created by the same principles. To understand is to forgive
– this applies both to oneself as well as the way in which we look at others.
and extension outwards into other people was demonstrated and rejected by Jesus
in his Sermon on the Mount – that road led to perdition. When we see the many
patterns of reactions in one self and in others – without guilt and judgment –
one has taken the first and decisive step. The second step is: Understanding
of symbols. Now, intellect and knowledge may come to play in the process of
orientation. Thereby one may gradually be released from bindings and burdens
that hinder free expression of life. Then one will discover sight points in
life’s course that one have overlooked before – taken just for unevenness and
debris in the terrain. When one’s eyes are opened for the importance of the
symbols – and their meaningin personal
symptoms, in religion, in dreams and in arts, one sees with new eyes towards the
future. Then, one may be released from literalism and bindings of which one
have been unaware. One’s own inner bindings and images suddenly are discovered
as projected into other people, in institutions and symbol systems – so that
one may be freed from them. One then no longer need be afraid the negative
expressions of life or their
expressions, but may release the powers they possess in a positive direction.
– Easter – and Pentecost will not be empty celebrations, but they will be
included in one’s own way of development mediated by the symbols – birth –
death and new life directed by living spirit and truth.
third step on the road to self-redemption may perhaps be the most important and
It is: Take
the consequences of what you know! It is so difficult for us to give up our
laboriously obtained positions. We cannot cast off the mask. We dare not go in
ourselves. We find it so utterly impossible to change our behavioral pattern
and inner attitude. We would rather continue acting our more or less badly played
roles – to compensate inner weaknesses – instead of accepting them, so that we
may be finished with them.
to continue our infantilisms, our masochism and other ism’s of this category.
Some wants to convert others – because they cannot convert themselves. Others
drown the voice of the deep of the soul in a self-indulgent stream of words.
Others again will continue their self-condemnation and attack themselves –
through their fellow men – to ease the inner burden of guilt. But as always
when one on a basis of affect attacks others, the object actually is conditions
in one’s own inner.
third step consists also of releasing one’s potential in creative action. It
may be artistic talents in some direction that have lain dormant – no matter
how insignificant they may be. Out in the open with them for one’s own benefit
and often also for others as well.
gains courage and ability to positive doubt – doubt on supposed lack of
capabilities, doubt in one’s own quality – doubt in one’s rationalizations –
doubt in inherited beliefs and traditional views. Then the true and original in
each of us may be exhibited freely.
courage to be unique – to make a fool of oneself if need be – to follow one’s
own inner plan of life and intuition.
third step is to get finished with the bindings of the past. Personal symptoms,
inferiority complex and compensating need for self-assertion, anxiety and fear
capacity for love, joy of life and work, creative initiative and social
behavior will ensue. The elements will organize into a living pattern. Job was
redeemed through forgiveness, understanding and action. Thus, man’s and God’s
way become one.
may be just as different as people are. Each one will have to go his own inner
necessity’s way, according to capability, environment and experiences. Each one
must himself set the pace, terrain and length of stretches. But the goal
remains the same for all: Full realization of inborn abilities and talents –
full understanding of the intentions of the deep of the soul and the meaning of
the symbols – full inner confidence and acceptance – full potency on all
levels. Then, God realize himself in our life – then God will be experienced as
inner reality – the, guilt and ideals have been converted, burden of guilt
lifted and replaced with understanding and insight in life’s continuity.
split is brought to termination – projections are understood –inner unity,
strength and balance is established. Cramps disappear and one is filled with
enterprising spirit. Rebirth has been accomplished; the new “eternal” life
begins. To subordinate oneself under others may be necessary and wise. But if
the will of others are expression of hunger for power, need for self-assertion
and other symptoms, it is harmful for both parties if one without purpose
succumb.No man has the right to force
his whims and needs for compensation into the life of others. The results will
always be disastrous.
sufficient number of people have joined the march towards the future on life’s
own road, society and inter-human dealings by and by change and come in tune
with the course of development – which tends towards greater degree of
consciousness. This must also make itself felt in the sphere of religion that now
is becoming an impenetrable wilderness of literalism, projection of symbols and
half-digested or un-digestible “truths”.
have lost its connection with many living and central realities – and the
modern worldview. It therefore no longer seems to be a usable means of
functions poorly as re-unifying factor – religio. But maybe new bridge spans
may turn out to be able to carry the load. The human psyche is based on a mode
of consciousness that uses images as means of expression. That fundament itself
cannot be changed – cannot be explained away – and not be cast out, without the
causing the fundament of life to fail.
earlier times man was conformant with this way of experience and recognition.
Much of what was created then is met with wonder by modern man; in areas like
building technology and arts. But when the subject is a means of manifestation
like religion with what belongs to this sector of myths, parables and symbols,
it is met with a shrug and head-shaking – because it is no longer recognized
what it contains of living realities.
of recognition and the sciences that only depend on human ability for
reflection by the outer senses have in this time of ours been put on a
pedestal. But this mode of recognition is inadequate for understanding man’s
inner life. This may only be achieved by inner senses, by activation of
adequate capabilities of consciousness.
– if he is to survive – find the redeeming synthesis between mythos and logos –
symbol and consciousness. Only then will there be an organic and creative
continuity between past and present.
we like it or not, we are blind and deaf if we do not recognize that psychology
rapidly is gaining ground with respect to theology, yes, that it even surpasses
it as attraction, explanation and dominating factor in modern religion,” writes
the theologian Potter – who are one of the very few who dare come forth and
take the consequence of the insight of depth psychology and the scriptures of the
Qumran-sect that was left, and found again.
question about the relationship between Christendom and psychology must be put
on the agenda such that a process of integration may be begun.
demands of the atomic age for new, redeeming thoughts seems to stand small
chances of being thought and heard. All continues in the same old track as if
nothing had happened.
struggle, ideological infighting and religious animosity thrive under the
all this blindness come into the world? What is it that keeps it alive? What
are the new thoughts that the times require? The questions are calling us from
the dark – and disappear in our own darkness. No answer is coming forth,
because man lacks sufficient knowledge about himself – about the forces of life
– and about the language of images that man’s bound and un-understood forces
are left to use as their only means of expression.
We do no
know much about this inner field of power from where we get our vitality and
life energies. But we conceive it as the force that we call God – and that man
has tried to describe, transcribe, dramatize, and portray in a countless number
force can only make itself known in a disguise of images and symbols, because
we do not know it and because it reside and pulsate in the deepest of deeps –
in man’ subconscious. But when the god-force and god is referred to make itself
known only in disguise, the danger that they will be taken literally and
projected outwards lies very near, - such as we have seen in the concept of
god, where the holy hierarchy is placed in outer space.
is not recognized by man’s consciousness is doomed to employ this mechanism.
are such a projection on the inner level – but here one is aware that something
is going on in the individual. Religion takes this one step further by creating
manifesting and systematized images and symbols – as a dramatization of man’s
dreams, one knows that the dramatization and imaging activity takes place inside
religion, awareness of this causal connection may easily be lost – and then it
ends with literalism, projections and struggle, about the one true faith. But a
struggle like this is just as insane as a struggle for one of earth’s spoken languages
as being the right one – or that only one dream is true - while all
others are false.
instance a number of persons have been involved in, or have been witnesses to
one and the same dramatic event and they subsequently dream about it, all the
dreams will be different depending on each persons background, life history and
cultural pattern. Bu therefore one dream is no more true or correct than the
others – even if they may reveal various degrees of deflected life and degree
of consciousness. What really sets people apart actually is the various levels
of consciousness. But something can be done about this difference. And all that
it takes is that we help each other to gain ever-higher levels of
self-assertion and war with accompanying affects always will darken the field
of consciousness – and therefore is extremely dangerous in the situation of
today. It therefore is deeply tragic that the past and the errors of the past
keep being dug up again and that people of different races, faith and
philosophy of life fight each other unto death – in an age where all struggle
should be towards evening out all the artificial differences that have been
lasting for thousands of years.
required – accentuated by the atomic age – is a higher level of awareness about
the essential human problems that we all share. For this purpose a new and
above all more correct way of thinking is needed – not least with respect to
religion. For religious controversies and lack of awareness in this area is to
a large extent responsible for man’s hatefulness and attitude of readiness for
fight with other groups. And from this darkness the same attitude has been
carried over into the modern replacements for religion – the ideological antagonism.
awareness of the religious language of form and mans’ conflict matter are not
present, the religious systems tend to be a dividing element between different
religious groups – instead of being a means of recognition, inner growth and an
integrated coexistence also with other religious group who speak a different
various religions are nothing but different shapes of the same language and the
same common human basic needs. For man is one, and mankind a unity.
inner laws apply to all of us – regardless of religion, race, ideology or
a continuous process of evolution both with regard to species as well as to
individuals – a continuous evolution from simple to more complex structures.
regard to the biological evolution, man may be considered a finished product.
The biological fundament with instincts, emotions, psychic apparatus and
activities therefore is given – and is what we have for building both our own
as well as the life of the collective upon.
still may evolve is the human consciousness and understanding of connectivity
in life – about causes and effects and insight into symptoms, symbols and
patterns of behavior.
now above all have to do is to create order in the biological fundaments – in
our conflicting relations, projections and developmental factors, and expand
our awareness and the bound spiritual power.
of mankind now has its main center of gravity in the spiritual sector. – The
human spirit has a potential for evolution that we today only may guess at. In
this area we are underdeveloped with respect to our potential.
world mirrors our inner, unsolved conflicts and conditions of struggle. The
psychic conflicts create inner blind spots, making them difficult to see and
therefore need a cleansing global Pentecostal weather that may enrich being
with new and more adequate approaches to conflicts. What is needed now are men
and women with courage to come forth with renewal and knowledge about life’s
forces and needs. It is demanded of each and every one of us that we are
capable of carrying the order of life forth. This require courage, overview and
insight to see and declare that the various religions are special creations of
the urge for inner unity, power, community and consciousness that is common
property of all men, because we all, as human beings, are built to the same
specifications under the same laws.
religions are created on the basis of the same psychic apparatus that is common
for all mankind. Therefore religion is life’s own means of reconciliation and
medium for simplification that may take us from chaos to greater contours of
today builds on a supernatural historical event that cannot either be proven or
disproved. Therefore, the belief that this is true becomes of central
importance. But at the same time, the common human truth and the inner message
that is independent of person, time, place and history, is weakened.
teaching with history and selection has been taken over and carried forth from
the Old Testament, where these elements had their special function. Christendom
is permeated with man’s original sin: projection of conflict and energies – up
into space – into history – and on to people.
no personal being but spirit, life and force. God is the principle of life
itself, common to all peoples and at all times. It is only mans’ lack of
insight that causes the bitter struggle about the right concepts of God and the
ongoing ideological struggle for power is a direct continuation of the belief
in the on right god and the right lore – that therefore must be forced on other
man’s struggle for freedom and peace is not won on the outer arena, but in the
inner – against all that blocks, burdens and darkens.
this inner struggle has been brought to conclusion, the kingdom of God will
arrive – the kingdom within; this is one of the Bible’s great and universally
valid truths that often are being covered up and explained away. For the road
there is narrow and winding. It seems fare easier to fight for the one right
concept of god and the only possible solution about the inner conditions – on
the outer level.
and belief in historicity is the great enemy and temptation against the kingdom
addition comes the fact that man keeps stuffing himself with the fruits of the
tree of knowledge of good and evil, which according to the Bible has brought
sin and all human misery into the world. Also her, the Bible is right!
thereby dualism – the inner double cloak of guilt and fear, the death-grip on
the old, rotten tree of knowledge about the difference between good and evil,
struggles a small, crippled bush with bright green longings in bud. That is the
tree of knowledge to know the good in evil, the tree of knowledge to know man
inside out; the tree of knowledge to see the unity in the learned opposites,
the tree of knowledge to see and experience the red thread of God running
through all religions as a interdependence in all that divides.
bush needs time to grow, and it demands proper care and fertile soil – that is
living and free human spirits. Even if this tree contains the collected
biological force of life, there is something that keeps preventing growth:
ignorance – the lack of knowledge about the conditions for growth and cultural
of mankind depends on just this tree being permitted to grow tall and strong. For
the fruits shall not only feed the 5000 in the desert, but all of mankind.
wonder of feeding is our only way to salvation and a secure future.
tree needs skilled care and knowledge that uncovers the depths of man’s mind
and the stumbling blocks that stands in the way of knowledge about the laws
that reign in the sphere of life and the human psyche. The tree of knowledge to
know the unity of good and evil grow its will up into the great light – and has
a tiny root-string into each of the earth’s human minds.
It is up
to each of us to provide nourishment for the tree, so that in due course it may
become strong enough to cover all of mankind with its fullness. Centuries of
cutting at the roots have slowed growth.
cut at the roots and nationalized the God that was meant to be the redeeming
and committing power of consciousness. We have made God to a pawn in the
political and theological play of forces.
forces of living and the light of consciousness have become a paper god of
letters that beats itself and us down.
white man’s root-cut culture with “the unenlightened plutocracy” has been
exported to the whole world. The outgrowth has been greedily accepted with the
consequence that soon all of the worlds peoples are marching, armed to the
teeth, and with hearts and minds full of hatred and wrong faith. That is the
heritage we have given. As we have sown, now we reap.
wind has become a global storm. We have exported the power struggle,
materialism, war, profit-greed, belief in selection and the right of the
strong. What we should have passed on, was an example to be followed, of a
quite different character and founded on a religion with global elements and
universal in contents that could elevate consciousness and, nourish solidarity
and provide for all peoples a rich and vigorous life with inner freedom,
equality and brotherhood. We have this religion, but we have not been able to
use it the right way. We have been browsing in it like naïve and gullible
children in a book of pictures, without worrying about the clarifying and
obliging text of the symbols in the foreign language of signs.
result is that what we believe is not what the text says.
the reason why the Christian cultural circle has not been able to establish a
stable, cultural structure with fresh potency of development. Nor have we been
able to get on speaking terms with other cultures or religions, because we do
not understand our own. Therefore, we have treated other peoples as heathen and
inferior creatures that only had perdition in store unless they were converted
to our religion that alone could provide salvation and life. This hubris has
made us masters of slaves. “Forward Christian soldiers” is being sung in “Gods
own country”. Or in another country, “Gott mit uns”. In Soviet or China there
is no official God. Instead, the party, the general secretary of the party and
its chairman have become gods.
Church and Christendom lost its inner power when they lost themselves in
history, state and images. For the church may only stay alive
wake of the Holy Spirit of Truth that always needs to be flying. Otherwise, it
falls to the ground.
of God and the religious phenomena as projections of the human psyche is not
new. It was first vented with force and strength by the German philosopher
Ludwig Feuerbach in the book: “Das Wesen des Christentums” published in 1841.
It soon became quite important, not least for the young Karl Marx, who carried
Hegel’s musings on the so called dialectic principle and Feuerbach’s thoughts
about projection and its inherent entfremdung of one’s own forces over on
material and economical areas, where the new means of production due to
technical progress had lead to a similar entfremdung in relation to means of
production and products.
can se clearly how a political ideology stems directly from the write-off of
religion – and a lack of knowledge about the meaning of the psychic
projections. Marxism eventually became one of the poles of an ideological
struggle. Religion was written off as superstition and regarded as a
considerable obstacle against brotherhood and justice. The other pole of the
worldwide ideological power field that since then have been developing, is
capitalism, which also is materialism. But capitalism, in contrast to Marxism,
operate with religion as spiritual foundation, which in practice means
Christendom, where a tabu still reigns against the mention of the mechanisms of
projection in connection with religion.
these projections are not understood, the result becomes secularism or a faith
lacking the contents it should and could be instrumental in bringing about.
cases, man has become a stranger to himself and the forces at play inside
the contrary, ideological power fields, thus cling to beliefs about
relationships and forces that are quite different from the ones proclaimed by
the religious faith and the system.
spirit and psyche as central functions in his inner life – not politics and
living standard. We therefore see, in the ideologicized and secularized areas,
a growing political tiredness in spite of the massive propaganda.
capitalistic countries, a noisy barbwire-entertainment attempts to keep
tiredness away from us. The means of effect continue getting coarser in
attempts to counter entfremdung, loss of contact, anxiety and spleen.
Man as a
living spirit being and development as intellectual history have gotten into
as never before become strangers to themselves and towards each other, because
religion and its political offshoots as phenomena remain the unsolved cardinal
issues that whirls up affects and attitudes of animosity from the deep and
dangerous subconscious layers of the minds – and from there threaten continued
this complex of problems now must find their solution, so that people at
last may come on speaking terms with each other. A responsibility is laid on this
generation who needs to find the way out of this wilderness, and no longer can
let it all slide with armchair-opinions – or bitter struggle and blind fight –
full of prejudice and wrong approach to the problems with rigid dogma and
question of whether socialism or capitalism – Christendom or paganism –
democracy or other ways of structuring society – are actually outdated problem
frontlines now run inside mans mind, regardless of what creed, race or social
order one belongs to.
at last becoming the focal point with respect for life – and with knowledge
about central, psychic and physical conditions of causality.
will by and by enforce the occurrence of social systems and cultural patterns
that correspond with this new knowledge.
heaven and a new earth – with a new life – may only grow
this expanded acknowledgment. But this presupposes spiritual awareness and
activity and an open willingness for orientation.
are in shortage, and therefore development is painfully slow.
of the common upbringing with restraint and enforced adaptation to the moral
norms of the family and the group, men become filled with conflict that on the
one hand wants to retain the shape of the personality structure, while on the
other they long to settle the inner conflicts and the anxiety, uncertainty,
aggression and guilt that always accompany the conflicts, so that the
individuals shall not fall to rest with their bindings. Depending on which of
these to directions of conflict that dominates, the attitude will be
characterized by submission or rebellion.
only a small group of people on each flank that manifest these attitudes
actively and in extreme degree. Most people become pacified for good and may
hardly be awakened from hibernation. The rebels – the radicals – have not given
up on their former, unresolved demands. They will not fall to rest with the
order of things as they are. This subconscious wish for inner change from the
bottom up, will often be carried over to the political arena, because of among
other things channeling over to the religious sphere has become so difficult
for many that radicalism has become an international movement. If the will for
revolt, aggression and the talent great enough in this area, we get the
political man of power – the dictator – who drags other people into his own
inner play, where the losses may run to millions upon millions of lives.
rebels often are driven by a father-hatred that often is combined with
a obsessive wish to become the strongest that can enforce on other people their
own authoritarian will – such as we have seen in for example Stalin and Hitler.
father-hatred of Hitler stretched even further generations back. His father was
born out of wedlock as the son of a Jew.*)
Spiegel, p. 43, No. 34, 1966
conservative wants to preserve – they are against changes to the existing.
radicals want to change, down to the root (radix). Since these basic attitudes
with subconscious motivations are tied to the way the personality is shaped –
these two types of people never can agree about what ought to be preserved –
and what should be changed.
rule, the law of all-or-nothing will apply. All shall be conserved, also
aberrations. Or all should be changed, even if it is conditions that have the
right of life.
consequence of Marx’s lacking knowledge about human nature, was his
relationship with religion, as he looked upon as a means of domination and a
result of the material distress of the masses.
communistic society, religion would fall away by itself.
not happened – just as with so many of Marx’s prognostications.
of a persistent atheistic propaganda and the many practical difficulties that
have been created, religion still lives in Soviet, so that the authorities have
had to handle this complex of problems in quite another manner than before.
survey shows 41% or 91 millions of the Soviet population as being of a
religious faith – Christian, Islamic, or Jewish.
Russian astronaut after his sky-mission with triumph declare that he could not
observe God in space, and thereby thinks he have shown religion to be simply
superstition, it shows what naïve and primitive concepts one have about god and
the nature of religion.
to find out about the problem of religion that refuses to behave according to
Marxist doctrine, in the summer of 1965, in Jena, a conference called “First
international colloquium on religions-sociology in the socialistic countries.”
Plans have been made for further conferences to be held.
colloquium in Jena concessions were made, albeit in rather vague terms, that
religion not only was dependent on social conditions, but that it also has an
independent and different foundation –
that is quite sensational and maybe signals a new attitude towards the question
Because an admission like this is in
Marxist terminology about equal with the abolishment of a dogma in the
Christian world. Under the latest rulers – Kosygin and Breschnew – a marked
liberalization in the domain of religion has taken place.
Marx did not know and that the Marxist ideologues do not know, but maybe
senses, is that the religions are the organs that should and could manage mans
spiritual heritage and carry it along sight points along the lines of life. But
the religions at present have almost no clear elements of consciousness; they
have mostly become canalizations for subconscious conflict matters and also partly
a means of domination, so that they have a limiting and rigid effect with
respect to development and towards other groups of people. The spiritual
foundation on which man’s life man’s life needs to rest, therefore have become
again extends outwards to the general tendencies of dissolution that are so
abundant in our time.
Christian churches are aware of their responsibility in this process. But
ignorance, defaitism and a faith in a pre-ordained end of time with the
creation of a thousand year reign after the horrors, causes the church to
remain strangely passive in view of what now needs to be applied of new
thinking, power, engagement and ability to see other and greater relationships.
The Vatican consistory shows that a certain softening has taken place in the
relationship with peoples of other faiths and diverging views. But this is but
a small step towards fulfillment of what must come about.
protestant churches in the summer of 19666 in Geneva held a convention of the
World council of churches, where the participants should be updated about the
situation of the church in the state of the world today – its relation to the
modern society, so changed by modern technology. Emphasis was placed on
confronting the church with the modern world and on the basis of this think
over the positions of the church. Participation was on a personal basis; the
participants had no authority to represent their respective churches.
from 87 different countries attended this large meeting. About on third came
from USA and Europe, the other two thirds came from Africa, Asia and South
America. This distribution tells us something about the change of center of
gravity taking place.
speakers were by and large non-theologians, and the participants were not
subjected to any advanced theological problem issues.
speeches were pre-printed, with contributions from over 80 capacities in
various areas. The preprinted literature in English consisted of no less than 4
thick volumes, of which the last one: “Man in Community” of 382 pages purported
to cast light on the subject among others from both psychological, psychiatric,
anthropologic and artistic aspects
words – but relatively sparse in content. Psychiatry was left to a female,
Swiss psychiatrist working in India, while psychology was covered by a
psychologist in the Syrian church.
these papers seemed to contain any views of significance.
viewpoints or problem definitions were entirely absent.
capacity of real format was the American anthropologist Margaret Mead. She
concluded her contribution by saying that we must see Christ in all peoples and
accept that it is through the differences in human culture that the common
human aspect can be found. And this may only become meaningful when we realize
that man who time and again fight against the loss of his innocence and today
have at his hand powers almost as horrible as those with which Christ were
tempted in the desert – needs a stronger and more vital spiritual vision
that the times when planted wine-yards and harvested grapes in a cattle-herding
society 2000 years ago.
words probably might easily get lost in passing – and they represent only her
opinion. But we would do wise in taking heed.
Arts and man’s creative activities was covered in an inspiring chapter by the
American Malvin Halverson.
He says among other things that when we begin
to consider human life and the symbol-activities the possibility of a dawn for
renewal of religions, arts, work and pastime. Halverson quotes Picasso: “Art is
a lie that may make us realize truth”. Picasso might well have included dreams
and religions, which are also truth in disguise. In contrast to Picasso, the
church claims to have the ultimate truth. But this is a truth with considerable
limitations, because the truth is wrapped in symbols.
church believes and teaches that the packaging is the contents. The church is
in a way right when it claims to have the truth. But it has not been unwrapped.
the church sets itself as a central spiritual factor out of the game. Neither
does it become able to incorporate into itself all the new knowledge with new
recognition and perspectives – thus rendering it static in an ever-changing world
and without the inner guidance that religion ought to be, and which is one of
its essential functions.
beatnik-generation is – probably unknown to may – to some extent very searching
in the area of religion and with strong reproach towards the church that offers
rocks as bread. So they make a try with marihuana as a surrogate for the
missing experience of inner contact. Because the church today because of its
lack of recognition of the function of the symbols is not – and neither can be
– the fundamental spiritual power, it neither can take a clear and unambiguous
stand against war and atomic weapons, even if the Geneva-meeting declared that
nuclear war was against the will of God and was the greatest of all evils.
important question needs to be considered. If research into the Dead Sea
Scrolls or new findings should make it necessary to assume that Jesus and his
teaching have their roots in both the Old Testament and in the Qumran-society
wherefrom Christendom under any circumstances have received essential impulses
– and that his life and lore not are the unique revelatory quality that the
the intra-psychic, common human aspect at one fell swoop becomes the main point
of Christendom; in the way it is shaped and explained.
has because of it subconscious, unresolved conflict situation and its
subconscious symbolic language had use for just this shape where legends, myths
and supernatural intervention plays an important role as substance for
dramatizing subconscious, central, psychic processes.
symbolic contents may however also be employed to keep the impulse for change
at bay, because one does not know what it is aimed at, and because one senses
what it really demands in the way of inner struggle and reorientation.
legends and the dogmatic faith must gain new life. A de-mythologizing is
required, not by writing off the myths, but by understanding them and making
them living life.
are signs that a new age with respect to this may be dawning within the church.
Thus conclude the Swedish theologian Egon Åhman in a newly issued book
“Sekulariseringsprosessen och kyrkan” (The process of secularization and the
Church) that a deep analysis of the symbols is an absolute necessity.
great and fundamental reality and truth is that God is the living and active
principle in all men – the center of vitality wherefrom all is governed
inexorably according to its own law – regardless of what we believe or not –
and regardless of whether we like it or not. To come to terms with this inner
principle of government and continuously attempt to live in conformity with it
– is humanity’s great task and obligation.
inner force lives now as before its hidden life. Bu it needs people who want to
listen and understand and subject their lives to the great and eternal
interrelationship in which we have been put.
lives! – and he is the same for all human beings. He chastises us in his way,
until we understands his will and succumb to it.
understand him and his ways we must be guided by the Holy Spirit of Truth.
father-theology” and “Son-as-God” are stages that now probably are going to
lose terrain to spirit – understanding – consciousness about what religion is,
and what it tries to say in its own particular way.
time being we see only the first buds of this new center of gravity, but they are
said James McCord – leader of the catholic seminar at Princeton University,
that he believes that we are at the threshold of a new era in theology with
main emphasis placed on the Holy Spirit – “the God of this age”.
also says that many people who are not attached to any church society, even
declared atheists, are participating in the struggle for this coming kingdom of
God on earth – where the spirit is rich and living – and redeeming.
theme of the Holy Spirit is being treated to in ever growing extent. At a
meeting in Frankfurt (Germany) in 1964 held by the World alliance for the
reformed and Presbyterian churches, the theme was “Come creator spirit”. In
June 1966 an ecumenical meeting in Chicago of Methodists and Catholics treated
the same theme. And the World council of churches that is to have its next
meeting in 1969, shall have as its theme “See, I make all things new!” – where
Gods promise of change from death to life – “resurrection” – for all men
through the Holy Spirit.
spirit that gives life and makes all things new, so that we may get a new
heaven and a new earth and a new life – are working with us and in us from many
corners and in many ways.
perspective, we must test and be willing to change our attitudes, institutions,
organizations, cultural patterns, regulations and teachings of faith, so that
we may find God in ourselves, in our fellow men and in what happens.
becomes a living god. And we ourselves become living in this inner contact.
went against the contemporary. That we also need to in order to try to change
all that is wrong.
He was a
spiritual revolutionary and a conservative radical.
cost him his life. Now, our own lives and the future of mankind is at stake.
overturned a whole world. Together, we may also contribute to anew direction
religion has become a spiritual function and social consciousness – the new,
global era of human history may become fact!
riddle of religion is actually man’s unsolved problem no. 1. Because this
riddle has not been solved, the world goes from bad to worse and worst.
wars – crusades – religious intolerance – superstition – and witch processes
have today been superseded with ideological intolerance – political
conversion-fanaticism, greed for power and superstition – that all have cost
uncounted millions of innocent human lives.
elite of the Christian culture has by and large turned its back on Christendom,
instead of trying to find out what its elements and message represent of inner
forces that demand a place in the sun and will not succumb to the miserable and
absurd shadow-life we now are leading at almost every level.
there are signs of a vague interest in religious problems also in the area of
recognition slowly beginning to awaken in ever growing circles, not least among
the brighter of out youth.
stumbled at the outset of history and on unimportant, ever more disputable
only today that history reluctantly begins to disclose its secrets by the caves
at the Dead Sea where about 400 various scriptures – whole or in pieces – now
have been excavated. The spiritual roots of Christendom are piece by piece
coming to light. Much of what we have learned must be revised from the bottom.
It may be a tough time for many. But, better late than never. It is rather
fantastic that it should take almost 2000 years before the solution would begin
to come – and in such an unexpected manner.
Christendom even in spite of all has been able to survive, it has been in spite
of the historical apparatus – because it channels mans inner, timeless forces.